The International Criminal Court investigation is concerned with violence after the disputed 2007 Presidential election. After the announcement of the PNU’s Mwai Kibaki as winner, supporters of the ODM’s Raila Odinga contested the results. Violence stemming from protests, largely along ethnic lines, caused 1,500 deaths and 600,000 displacements. The Kenyan government launched a commission, which recommended a special tribunal, which was politically rejected in Kenya, leading to the commission to send evidence to the ICC.
Six individuals were summoned to the ICC in 2011 based on their alleged involvement in crimes during the post-election violence. Charges against four of them were confirmed, and charges against one of those were later dropped.
The allegations against William Samoei Ruto and Joshua arap Sang is that they sought to ethnically cleanse groups seen as pro-PNU – Sang, a radio presenter, using his show to incite violence. Their trial commenced on the 10th of September 2013. The allegations against Uhuru Kenyatta are that he funded a banned gang, in order to keep the PNU in power at all costs, leading to deaths of civilians, rapes and ethnic cleansing.
In 2013, Kenyatta and Ruto, who supported different sides in 2007, formed a political alliance and were elected President and Deputy President of Kenya, respectively.