The joined trials of Germain Katanga and Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui concern two individuals alleged to have been involved in militias participating in the Congolese war. Katanga and Ngudjolo, alleged leaders of the FPRI and FNI militias respectively, are accused of the massacre of 200 civilians, sexual enslavement and the use of child soldiers in an attack on the village of Bogoro in 2003, which at the time was controlled by Thomas Lubanga (convicted by the ICC himself) and his UPC militia. Reportedly, Katanga preferred to use child soldiers as they would be more compliant to his orders.
Katanga was appointed to a leading role in the DRC military as part of a peace process, but was arrested, detained without trial for two years until he was transferred to the ICC in 2007. His trial was joined with that of Chui. However, the two trials were separated after completion of the defense case, with Ngudjolo being acquitted in December 2012, although he remains in the Netherlands due to a UN travel ban. The prosecution is appealing this acquittal Katanga’s trial finished in 2012, and no verdict has been returned as of yet.